10 Essential On-Page SEO Factors You Need to Know
Succeeding in organic search today requires optimizing for a combination of factors that search engines consider important – technical, on-page and off-page. Over the years, we’ve seen increased focus toward off-page techniques – such as link building – and other technical elements. But the reality is, off-page SEO won’t do much good if you don’t pay attention to the fundamentals – on-page SEO.
Why On-Page SEO Is Important
On-page SEO is important because it helps search engines understand your website and its content, as well as identify whether it is relevant to a searcher’s query. As search engines become more sophisticated, there is a greater focus toward relevance and semantics in search engine results pages (SERPs). Google, with its plethora of complex algorithms, is now much better at:
- Understanding what users are actually searching for when they type a query.
- Delivering search results that meet user intent (informational, shopping, navigational)
Adapting to this development is essential, and you can do it by ensuring that your website and its content – both what is visible to users on your webpages (i.e., text, images, video, or audio) and elements that are only visible to search engines (i.e., HTML tags, structured data) – are well-optimized according to the latest best practices. Additionally, you can’t simply ignore on-page SEO because you have more control when optimizing for on-site elements – as opposed to off-page SEO that consists of external signals (i.e., backlinks).
E-A-T, which stands for Expertise, Authoritativeness, and Trustworthiness, is the framework that Google raters use to assess content creators, webpages, and websites as a whole. Google has always put a premium on high-quality content. It wants to make sure that sites producing high-quality content are rewarded with better rankings and sites that create low-quality content get less visibility. There is a clear relationship between what Google considers high-quality content and what appears in the search results.
2. Title Tag
The title tag, an HTML tag that exists in the head section of each webpage, provides an initial cue or context as to what the topical subject matter is of the respective page it is on. It is featured prominently in the search engine results pages (typically used as the clickable link) as well as in the browser window. The title tag by itself has little impact on organic rankings, this why it’s sometimes overlooked. That said, missing, duplicate, and poorly written title tags can all negatively impact your SEO results, so make sure you’re optimizing for this element.
3. Meta Description
Since the early days of SEO, meta descriptions have been an important optimization point. Meta descriptions, meta tags that provide a description of what the page is about, are often displayed in the SERPs underneath the title of the page. While Google maintains that meta descriptions don’t help with rankings, there is anecdotal evidence that indirect attributes of better descriptions do help. Optimizing meta description correctly can help improve:
- Click-through rate (CTR).
- Perception of the quality of the result.
- Perception of what your website offers all change.
Want your website content to perform well on search? Then start writing compelling headlines. Coming up with a title for a blog post might seem too basic, but a great headline can mean the difference between a click and an impression – that’s why it’s important to create them strategically. Your headlines need to spark interest for it to stand out on the SERPs – enticing users to click through and continue reading the rest of the content.
5. Header Tags
Header tags are HTML elements (H1-H6) used to identify headings and subheadings within your content from other types of text (e.g., paragraph text). Header tags aren’t as critically important for your site rankings as they used to be, but these tags still serve an important function – for your users and your SEO. They can indirectly impact your rankings by:
- Making your content easier and more enjoyable for visitors to read.
- Providing keyword-rich context about your content for the search engines.
6. SEO Writing
SEO writing means writing content with both search engines and users in mind. There is a strategy behind writing solid SEO content – and it is more than just keyword research and fill in the blanks. Simply producing content for the sake of it won’t do. Remember that you’re writing content for people – therefore that content must be high-quality, substantial, and relevant.
7. Keyword Cannibalization
True or false? The more pages you have targeting a keyword, the better you’ll rank for that keyword. False! Targeting a specific term across multiple pages can cause “keyword cannibalization” which has some potentially disastrous consequences for your SEO. When you have multiple pages ranking for the same keyword, you’re actually competing with yourself. It’s important to identify whether keyword cannibalization exists on your website and resolve it right away.
8. Content Audit
Most content creators are focused on creating new content that they forget to audit their existing content. And this is a mistake. Auditing your existing content is crucial because it helps you:
- Evaluate whether your existing content is achieving its goals and gaining ROI.
- Identify whether the information in your content is still accurate or has become stale (or even outdated).
- Determine what types of content are working for you.
Content audits can greatly help your SEO strategy and they should be done on a regular basis.
9. Image Optimization
Adding images is a good way to make your webpages more appealing. But not all images are created equal – some can even slow down your website. Optimizing images properly will help you make the most of a valuable SEO asset. Image optimization has many advantages, such as:
- Additional ranking opportunities (show up on Google Image Search).
- Better user experience.
- Faster page load times.
10. User Engagement
Enhancing your website’s on-page SEO elements is only half the battle. The other half lies in making sure that users will not bounce – but instead, they’ll continue viewing your content, interacting with it, and keep coming back for more. Retaining engaged users is a great challenge in itself, but it’s certainly doable. To increase user engagement, focus on aspects such as site speed, user experience, and content optimization, among others.